Highest free standing Mountain
Mount Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level.
But majestic as it is, things are changing on Kilimanjaro. A lot can be said about this and The National Geographic has made a great, short video on Kilimanjaro and Clima changes. Take a look (3:06 min)
7 Official trekking routes
There are seven official trekking routes by which to ascend Mount Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe and two for decendant, Mweka and Marangu. Of all the routes, Machame is considered the most scenic. It can be done in six or seven days. The Rongai is the easiest and least scenic of all camping routes. The Marangu is also relatively easy, but this route tends to be very busy, the ascent and descent routes are the same, and accommodation is in shared huts with all other climbers. The Lemosho is the longest and share many sceneries with the Machame route, unless you choose to take the northern surcuit.
Kilimanjaro has a large variety of forest types over an altitudinal range of 3,000 m containing over 1,200 vascular plant species. As a result, the mountain has unique vegetation, for instance the water holding cabbage in the tussock grassland and other plants like this, all adapted to living in alpine conditions, leaving you with unforgettable scenery.